The Fairtrade Labelling Organisation International (now known as Fairtrade International) was established in 1997 and now coordinates the work of Fairtrade initiatives in 20 countries in Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. The membership of the FLO Board includes four producers from the 3rd World, two commercial partners and six representatives of national initiatives like the Fairtrade Foundation. FLO develops standards and assists producers in exploiting market opportunities. FLO Cert Ltd, a company set up by FLO, certifies and ensures regular auditing of producers and commercial partners, and checks that producers receive guaranteed payments.
The Fairtrade Foundation is the national initiative in the UK. It was set up in 1992 by a consortium of national development organisations to promote Fairtrade. It authorises the use of the Fairtrade label on goods available to the retail and catering trade in the UK; this provides the guarantee that these products have been fairly traded according to internationally agreed standards.